Explore Africa – Nature
South African nature is like no other, the biodiversity and different habitats are endless. The vegetation here is divided into four different sections, each one unique and spectacular. These sections are as follows: Fynbos, Karoo, Highveld, and Lowveld.
This natural vegetation is found in the Western Cape, South Africa and is most prominent during the rainy season as well as around mountainous areas. The Giant Protea is popular here. The species here are endless, there are 8700 species found here with an alarming 75% of them endemic to the area. The plant family that has the most species in the Fynbos is the Daisy family. The Tsitsikamma forest along the coast is the perfect place for tourists to experience the Fynbos in all its glory. Another great attraction in this area is Table Mountain, here you may stumble across a Red Disa, an almost extinct, protected orchid also called the “Pride of Table Mountain”.
The Karoo vegetation is North of Fynbos, the precipitation here is lower than that of the Western Cape. This area is described as semi-desert and is separated into two parts, the Little Karoo and the Great Karoo. The Little Karoo is at the top of the Succulent Karoo (another division of the Karoo), It has the richest succulent plants flora in the world. A shocking 10 000 species of succulent plants are found in this region. The plants that grow in the Karoo and the flowers that bloom during September are truly fascinating and simply beautiful.
The Highveld is a grassy plateau further towards the North East region. Here you will find some of the most important commercial farming areas in the country. The most prominent vegetation in this area is grassland and savannah. The dry seasons are often accompanied by fires, this is why trees and shrubs were never able to thrive here, another contributing factor is a large number of grazing livestock. The Highveld is also home to a number of endangered animals, these are a rare sight but are a magnificent find.
The Lowveld is even further North East from the Karoo, this region is in the Limpopo Valley bordering Mozambique and Zimbabwe. The vegetation here is described as a tropical savannah. A great place to experience this vegetation is in the Kruger National Park, here you will come across thousands of plant species some of which are extremely rare.
The western regions of South Africa are the Kalahari and Namib deserts. The composition of the Namib flora is extremely endemic. Here you can see South African springhare, antelope, lizards, Gekkonidae, golden moles, meerkats, hyenas, as well as many arachnids.
Kalahari is the largest desert in South Africa. Red-brown or orange-brown sand gives life to some species of acacias, grasses, wild watermelons. In the dune zone, there are xerophytic bushes, succulent plants, and crassulas. There are gerbillus, striped mice, rats, African ground squirrel, Cape buffaloes, wildebeest, springboks, hyenas, and of course lizards.
Book your trip to South Africa and see these beautiful habitats and biomes for yourself with Salute Africa as your guide. With us you will have an opportunity to get acquainted with the diverse climatic zones and their inhabitants, to learn the amazing ways in which plants and animals adapt to life in different conditions. The guide’s stories will simply amaze your imagination, and the landscapes will forever remain in your memory.